Reducing Friction in OER Adoption

Iterating Toward Openness

Last week I promised I would write a few posts about reducing friction with regard to OER. In last week’s post I talked about how we’re making it ridiculously easy for students, faculty, and others to contribute to the maintenance and improvement of OER.

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Thoughts on Continuous Improvement and OER

Iterating Toward Openness

Recently I’ve been doing both more thinking and more roll-up-your-sleeves working on continuous improvement of OER. Improvement in post secondary education will require converting teaching from a solo sport to a community-based research activity. And this process of making OER more effective every semester – also known as “continuous improvement” – is where we see some of the most exciting opportunities to collaborate with faculty. Lower Use of OER.

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OER: Some Questions and Answers

Iterating Toward Openness

Earlier this week I read an op-ed – sponsored by Pearson – titled “If OER is the answer, what is the question?” OER often shine in their variety and ability to deepen resources for niche topics. While it’s possible to build a complete course from OER, the finished product often lacks the scaffolding found in courseware authored by single author/editorial/product teams. What does the Drake Equation have to do with OER production and enhancement?

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On ZTC, OER, and a More Expansive View

Iterating Toward Openness

As the movement grew and more people began advocating for the adoption of OER in place of traditionally copyrighted materials in classes, some advocates chose to make cost the primary focus of their advocacy. This choice rotated licensing into a secondary priority. Materials that were openly licensed and free were the OER we had spent the last decade advocating for. Other schools have OER policies and OER degree programs.

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If We Talked About the Internet Like We Talk About OER: The Cost Trap and Inclusive Access

Iterating Toward Openness

The inclusive access model’s goal of reducing the cost of textbooks apparently reminded the article’s author of OER, because she includes some discussion of OER toward the end of the article. However, like many others outside the immediate OER community, this author seems unaware that there is anything more to OER than “free textbooks” that – just like the inclusive access model – make education more affordable.

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OER Cost Savings and Adoption Rates: New Methodologies, New Data, and New Results

Iterating Toward Openness

At the OpenEd Conference in 2013, Nicole Allen and I challenged the OER community to save students one billion dollars. SPARC started with a stratified sample of 120 US post-secondary institutions. Then, working from a pool of 20 courses for which adoptable OER exist, they randomly selected five courses to examine at each institution and collected pricing information for all available formats from each campus’ online bookstore. The adoption rate of OER is 6.3%.

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An Obstacle to the Ubiquitous Adoption of OER in US Higher Education

Iterating Toward Openness

I now have no doubt that the overwhelming majority of general education courses and some specific degree programs will transition entirely to OER in US higher ed. I spent most of my thinking time last week wondering about obstacles in the way of the ubiquitous adoption of OER in US higher education and how we might overcome them. Observation 1: We Need Dramatically More OER, and Current Approaches Won’t Get Us There.

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10 of the best K-12 sources for digital textbooks online


While some subjects cover higher education, you can browse the high school section to find math and science textbooks for secondary education. OER Commons. OER Commons is a digital library full of open educational resources (OER).

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From here to there: Musings about the path to having good OER for every course on campus

Iterating Toward Openness

I spend most of my time doing fairly tactical thinking and working focused on moving OER adoption forward in the US higher education space. I made what was probably the clearest statement of my vision for the future of learning materials in my Shuttleworth Fellowship application several years ago: My long-term goal is to create a world where OER are used pervasively throughout primary, secondary, and post-secondary schools. My end goal isn’t to increase OER adoption.

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Futuring open education at the University of Mary Washington OER Summit

Bryan Alexander

For example, community college adoption of OER depends on the behavior of institutions that most of their students transfer to. The Departments of Education and Labor announce large, long-term grants to support the creation of OER. This major government push is for both OER and open scholarship. K-12 schools steadily, then rapidly adopted OER as purchasing budgets remained tight or declined. future of education OER OERSummit

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Futuring open education at the University of Mary Washington OER Summit

Bryan Alexander

For example, community college adoption of OER depends on the behavior of institutions that most of their students transfer to. described two undergraduates’ experiences with OER. The Departments of Education and Labor announce large, long-term grants to support the creation of OER. This major government push is for both OER and open scholarship. K-12 schools steadily, then rapidly adopted OER as purchasing budgets remained tight or declined.

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The digital-first district where OER meets iPads

eSchool News

Department of Education’s #GoOpen initiative have spurred school districts across the country to incorporate quality open resources into their curricula, but initiatives like Central Valley’s are fairly rare among elementary and secondary institutions, University of Pittsburgh librarian and open educational resource advocate Paul Bond said. Digital Learning and Tools McClatchy Curriculum digital ipads OER open educational resources

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The Role of Open Educational Resources (OER) in Making Education Available to All

A Principal's Reflections

I recently had the honor of traveling to the MIT campus in Boston and participating in a panel discussion on Open Education Resources (OER) at The Sixth Conference of MIT''s Learning International Networks Consortium (LINC) with three illustrious advocates of these open resources: Nicole Allen, Philipp Schmidt, and panel moderator Steve Carson. Open educational resources” (OER) here refers to the many free learning resources now populating the Worldwide Web.

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Transition to Digital: Improving Access, Affordability and Achievement in Higher Education


With the increasing cost of a post-secondary education, many students opt to delay or completely forego purchase of required. Future of Education Technology Making the case for Education Technologies Mobile Learning Resources Open Educational Resources OER _ Miscellaneous Tools and Topics digital textbook best practices making transition to digital textbooks successful transition to etexts tips for transition to digital learning materials

Advocating for CC BY

Iterating Toward Openness

We each use this license with the OER that we create and advocate for others to do the same. The BY license best reflects our values of eliminating friction, maximizing interoperability, and promoting unanticipated and innovative uses of OER. A secondary theoretical benefit of choosing an NC license is the possibility that someone will see what you’ve created and decide they want to pay you for a license to use the material commercially.

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The Cost Trap, Concluding Thoughts

Iterating Toward Openness

Stephen has posted Four Conclusions on OERs he has drawn from our conversation. My long term goals in advocating for OER are to (1) radically improve the quality of education as judged by learners and (2) radically improve access to education worldwide. Please be aware that if your current goals with regard to OER differ from mine, one or more of the following statements may be either nonsensical or untrue in the context of your goals.

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A true gift from SHEG: DIY digital literacy assessments and tools for historical thinking


SHEG currently offers three impressive curricula that may be put to immediate use in secondary classrooms and libraries. You may remember Stanford History Education Group (SHEG) for its groundbreaking and utterly depressing report, Evaluating Information: The Cornerstone of Online Civic Reasoning. In the November 2016 Executive Summary , the researchers shared: When thousands of students respond to dozens of tasks there are endless variations.

The Cost Trap, Part 3

Iterating Toward Openness

In my recent post I asked us each to consider what “what is the real goal of our OER advocacy?” Ismael tweeted: My own take: these are two complementary approaches to #OER that should enrich each other, not exclude (or even blame) each other. As someone concerned with equality, I like #OER as a way to make teaching cheaper. As an educator, I like #OER as a tool for transforming learning. I settled on OER-enabled pedagogy.

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How to navigate the new device-agnostic classroom

eSchool News

In the new device-agnostic classroom, educators are taking the opportunity to ensure they are focused on purposeful applications first, with a secondary emphasis on the device itself. Teachers, meanwhile, can track student progress in a meaningful way and introduce any outside learning materials that they deem relevant, from supplemental readings and activities to wikis, OER (Open Educational Resources) and videos.

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The Pin that Popped the Textbook Bubble: Open (Notes for my 2015 #sxswedu talk)

Iterating Toward Openness

First generation students, financially at-risk students, and other traditionally underserved students – those least able to afford to purchase textbooks – are left with very limited choices: go to class unprepared, take fewer classes, indenture themselves by taking on student loans to pay full-ticket for textbooks, or try to make their way in the world without post-secondary education. See Efficacy, the Golden Ratio, and the OER Impact Factor.).

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It’s 2020: Have Digital Learning Innovations Trends Changed?


The primary trends identified by the team were: adaptive learning, open education resources (OER), gamification and game-based learning, MOOCs, LMS and interoperability, mobile devices, and design.

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Is open a means to an end, or is open its own end?

Iterating Toward Openness

In this relationship, improving education is secondary to the goal of being more open. While that might seem like a win for increasing openness (“all courses now use OER exclusively!”), Is open a means to an end, or is open its own end? This is a question worth thinking long and hard about. I’ve done some writing as I’ve been thinking about it, so I figured I may as well post it. Think about the phrase “open education.”

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Musings on the Economics of Commercial and Open Educational Resources

Iterating Toward Openness

Educational materials published under an open license are called open educational resources (OER). When digital educational materials become OER, they are converted back into public goods. Some publishers provide “forever access,” but this is not ownership and does not enable secondary markets.). I have a chapter about open educational resources that will be appearing in a book on trends and issues in instructional design and technology later this year.

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Pearson Signals Major Shift From Print by Making All Textbook Updates ‘Digital First’


And focusing on digital makes the secondary textbook market even less attractive, since students have to buy access directly from Pearson to get course materials. Even though Pearson is not cutting out print completely, its digital-first update strategy may still alienate some faculty, says Wiley, who is currently the chief academic officer of Lumen Learning, a company that provides digital OER courseware to colleges and universities. “It

Can Technology in the Classroom Replace Expensive Textbooks

Kitaboo on EdTech

But these are secondary causes. Now post-secondary tuition fee provides more revenue than public appropriations. If educational institutes start adopting OERs in classrooms, students will be able to save a lot of money that would otherwise be spent on purchasing textbooks and rental subscriptions. Although rentals are a good option approved by educational institutes, OER is yet to be widely accepted by educational institutes. Increase in Textbook Prices Over the Years.

Forgetting Our History: From the Reusability Paradox to the Remix Hypothesis

Iterating Toward Openness

OER make it possible for us to contextualize our resources and customize our pedagogies to support more effective learning, but they don’t do the work for us. Thus, the Remix Hypothesis states that changes in student outcomes that occur in conjunction with OER adoption will correlate positively with faculty revising and remixing activities. Wow, there’s been some great writing lately.

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Top Hat Buys Canadian Textbook Business to Compete With Publishers in Digital Courseware


For Nelson, this sale marks its first step in its “strategic decision to withdraw from the post-secondary market,” it said in an announcement.

Colleges Are Striking Bulk Deals With Textbook Publishers. Critics Say There Are Many Downsides.


And of course there are other vendors, like Elsevier and Wiley (like Jones Soda and RC) and openly-licensed resources known as OER, or open education resources (which are something like a Sodastream homebrew). That’s one argument made by the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition, or SPARC, which advocates for lower textbook costs and OER. If you make it too expensive, colleges are going to look harder at OER,” she said.

Looking Back on Three Years of the ConnectED Initiative: Did It Deliver?


Autodesk provided more than 335,000 students and educators from secondary schools with professional software and services for use in classrooms, labs, and at home. Over the past few years, the government has made several moves in other edtech spaces, mostly related to open educational resources (OERs) and evangelizing innovation from the top-down. And to provide more digital content beyond OERs, the government launched the Open eBooks app back in February 2016.

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Access State-Reviewed Instructional Materials with SETDA’s Dashboard

A pilot program of the State Educational Technology Directors Association (SETDA) has made 12 states’ reviews of secondary math and language arts materials available, with a wide range of K-12 resources from these and other states to follow. Recent publications and projects include Navigating the Digital Shift, Digital Instructional Materials Acquisition Policies for States, OER Case Studies: Implementation in Action, The Broadband Imperative and From Data to Information.

Data Interoperability: Beyond Accountability and Reporting

Angela Baker is a digital content manager who works for the Georgia Department of Education to promote the use of OER content in classrooms by providing evaluated and aligned OER content through Georgia’s Statewide Longitudinal Data System or SLDS applications. Teacher. Classroom facilitator. Database analyst? This new role for educators is a direct outcome of the data-driven classroom and the quest for accountability.

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For two states, the digital transition requires an overhaul of the process

Alison is an experienced secondary school English teacher, a Florida native and a graduate of the Florida State University. Recent publications and projects include Navigating the Digital Shift, Digital Instructional Materials Acquisition Policies for States, OER Case Studies: Implementation in Action, The Broadband Imperative and From Data to Information.

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The Emergency Home Learning (& More) Summit - 110 sessions + 80 replays #homelearningsummit #learningrevolution

The Learning Revolution Has Begun

Open Source and OER ? Alice Keeler : Interview Amany Kheriba : OER: A way out through pandemics and beyond Amna Manzoor : Veni, vidi and vici: Ingenious, Making the Most Out of the Pandemic! Our two-month, free, online summit focused on home-based and home-centered learning officially started last week. We have several sessions each day, with (lots) more coming ( and that could include you! ). A current list is below.

Storms over liberal education: notes on the 2016 AAC&U conference

Bryan Alexander

Discussion went in some interesting angles, such as secondary education. One person thought shifting tertiary school content down to secondary could help reduce adjunctification, by (I think) reducing teaching hours in colleges. Several participants pointed out limitations on faculty time which block creation and even adoption of OER. Last week I participated in the American Association of Colleges and Universities (AAC&U) 2016 conference.

‘Prohibition Will Get You Nowhere’: Writer and Activist Cory Doctorow’s Message to Schools and Educators


I wanted to ask you about OERs. When I go and do young adult tours, and I go to secondary schools, I meet students who've read Little Brother, and they're like, "How do I hack my school's censorware?" It’s not unheard of for an instructor to tee up a YouTube video for a lesson, only to have the content blocked by the school or district’s censorware.

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The 2019 Global Education Conference - Full List of 130 Sessions and 10 Keynotes!

The Learning Revolution Has Begun

Content and Curriculum Creator, Project Explorer Creating OER-s and Interactive STEM Applications in Mathematics Higher Education , Lucie Mingla Math Educator, New York City College of Technology, CUNY Cross-cultural alignments, fertilization, differentiation: Bridging the gaps through technology , Melda N. The ninth annual Global Education Conference starts this coming Monday! This is an amazing and free online event that brings together educators and innovators from around the world.

Pearson CEO Fallon Talks Common Core, Rise of ‘Open’ Resources

Marketplace K-12

Secondary, they will enable what most people in the education world want to see happen.”. Fallon argued—as many providers of commercial materials have—that OER can provide benefits to some schools, but that commercial resources will continue to have value because of the tech-based enhancements, in analytics and adaptive learning and other areas, that they offer beyond academic content.

Education Technology and the Power of Platforms

Hack Education

” (Amazon Inspire is the company’s OER platform.) million devices shipped to primary and secondary schools in the US last year – that’s up from 50% in 2015. This is part four of my annual look at the year’s “ top ed-tech stories ” Way back in 2012, I chose “ The Platforming of Education ” as one of my “Top Ed-Tech Trends.” ” Re-reading that article now makes me cringe.

Week of February 7th, 2011 - Live, Interactive, and Free Webinars in Elluminate

The Learning Revolution Has Begun

With Greek secondary education teachers, we are going to talk about evolution teaching, didactics issues concerning this problematic subject for many science teachers. Steve Hargadon interviews Wayne Mackintosh about WikiEducator and the formation of an OER University. Below are this week''s public, free, and interactive Webinars through , the social learning network for education that I work on for Elluminate.

STEMxCon - Today Is the Final Deadline for Proposals; Great Keynotes + Sessions; Need Volunteers!

The Learning Revolution Has Begun

The end of the day today is the final deadline to get in a proposal to speak at next week''s free and online 2013 Global STEMx Education Conference ( , September 19 - 21. This is a great opportunity to share your work or ideas! We have an absolutely terrific lineup of keynote speakers. They are listed below, and after the reminder plea for moderator volunteers, you''ll also find the current list of all conference sessions.