Some Thoughts on the UNESCO OER Recommendation

iterating toward openness

There’s great news out of the recent UNESCO meeting in Paris, where member states unanimously adopted the draft Recommendation on Open Educational Resources (OER). This dramatically simplifies understanding what is and isn’t OER. The opposite of OER is TCM.

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When is an OER an OER?

iterating toward openness

tl ;dr – If a resource is licensed in a way that grants you permission to engage in the 5R activities, and grants you those permissions for free, it’s an open educational resource (OER) – no matter where you find it or how it’s being used. For several years I have used a shorthand definition of OER as “free access plus permission to engage in the 5R activities.” Consider the following scenarios: A person downloads an OER to their laptop.

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Thoughts on Continuous Improvement and OER

iterating toward openness

Recently I’ve been doing both more thinking and more roll-up-your-sleeves working on continuous improvement of OER. Once we’ve identified that content, we invite faculty to Shine by contributing their expertise to the improvement of OER. However, we’re just one company.

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Why We Should Expand Our OER Advocacy to Commercial Publishers

iterating toward openness

They understood the outsized influence that billion dollar behemoths like Microsoft would continue to have, and knew that the only way the open source model could “win” would be if proprietary software companies adopted it. And it’s not only “newer” companies like Google or Facebook.

Of Sunlight, OER, and Lumen

iterating toward openness

Because I can’t stop thinking about open, I’ve been pondering the relationship between solar power and OER. ”, “How can you sell OER if they’re free?”, ”, and “If OER are free, why would anyone pay you?”

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OER: Some Questions and Answers

iterating toward openness

Earlier this week I read an op-ed – sponsored by Pearson – titled “If OER is the answer, what is the question?” OER often shine in their variety and ability to deepen resources for niche topics. Stigmergy is the watchword for the next decade of OER.

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David, Goliath, and the Future of the U.S. K-12 OER Movement

Doug Levin

K-12 education system by open educational resources (OER) since 2009, although my first exposure to the ideas and leaders of the movement stretch back to the launch of the MIT OpenCourseWare initiative. This is where context matters most for the OER movement.

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As OER Grows Up, Advocates Stress More Than Just Low Cost

Edsurge

But fans of OER are increasingly facing a problem. While OER started off as free online textbooks, it still costs money to produce these materials, and professors often need guidance finding which ones are high quality. So OER advocates are realizing they need to change their pitch. This week on the EdSurge On Air podcast, we're diving into how the OER movement is changing, and we'll check in with a couple of people on the front lines of the movement to hear from them.

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OER: Free Like a Beer, or Free Like a Puppy?

Edsurge

Those in the puppy camp argued, with good reason, that free curricula and OER content were hardly free once the related costs and risks were factored in. So the discovery, vetting, and alignment costs inflicted upon the teachers and districts that would try to embrace free and OER content would remain high. For example, districts and teachers would most value, and would commit to things they paid for, even if at first they tried the product because it was free.

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Futuring open education at the University of Mary Washington OER Summit

Bryan Alexander

For example, community college adoption of OER depends on the behavior of institutions that most of their students transfer to. The Departments of Education and Labor announce large, long-term grants to support the creation of OER. future of education OER OERSummit

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Futuring open education at the University of Mary Washington OER Summit

Bryan Alexander

For example, community college adoption of OER depends on the behavior of institutions that most of their students transfer to. described two undergraduates’ experiences with OER. This major government push is for both OER and open scholarship.

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38 Community Colleges Share What It Takes to Launch an OER Degree Program

Edsurge

And that’s been the driver behind nonprofit Achieving the Dream ’s (ATD) OER Degree Initiative , where 38 U.S. community colleges are creating full degree programs that utilize open educational resources (OER) from start to finish. The program, which kicked off in 2016 , shared its first set of findings today about what faculty are learning it takes to create an OER degree.

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From here to there: Musings about the path to having good OER for every course on campus

iterating toward openness

I spend most of my time doing fairly tactical thinking and working focused on moving OER adoption forward in the US higher education space. For example, I spend a fair amount of time thinking about the future of learning materials writ large. In this vision of the world, OER replace traditionally copyrighted, expensive textbooks for all primary, secondary, and post-secondary courses. Now, make no mistake – OER is a means, not an end.

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How an OER Rookie Dove Deep Into a Zero-Cost Textbook Degree Program

Edsurge

The initiative intends to create degree pathways with courses that only use open educational resources, known as OER, so students don’t have to spend money on class materials. College of the Canyons’ history with OER starts before Anagnonson’s dabble, however. Using OER in those courses, she added, “really started out of necessity.” Anagnoson says she considered using OER before her course was lumped into the Z-degree.

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OER Pioneer David Wiley Predicts All Community Colleges Will Dump Traditional Textbooks By 2024

Edsurge

David Wiley, a pioneer of open education resources who co-founded Lumen Learning , a for-profit company that supports OER efforts, sees one place where textbooks could actually be vanquished by openly licensed alternatives: community colleges. Eventually you wound up co-founding your own company, Lumen Learning, and you gave up a tenured professor job at Brigham Young University to do it. Can you give an example?

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In Search of OER’s Future and Edtech’s Missing Evidence at SXSW EDU

Edsurge

Here’s more of what we heard and saw on Monday at SXSW EDU: A Sustainable Future for OER Monday marked day one of Open Education Week, and speakers at a panel used the opportunity to discuss the potential for open educational resources as an alternative to increasingly unaffordable textbooks—as well as the challenges and misconceptions that the open movement still faces. Still, sustainable ways to fund OER into the future remains an open question.

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Lumen Scores $3.75M — and OER Gets a Foot in the Traditional Publishing Door

Edsurge

Open Educational Resources (OER) have yet to cozy up with the more orthodox academics and pushy print publishers of the world. The most recent example occurred this week, when OER company Lumen Learning announced a partnership with one of the country’s largest textbook distributors, Follet Corporation. based company’s $3.75 On its own, the OER company partners with nearly 150 campuses.

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Open Education – Where do I begin?

Tom Murray

Recently, I had the opportunity to sit down with Andy Marcinek , Chief Open Education Advisor at the US Department of Education (ED), to explore how schools can benefit from Open Educational Resources (OERs) and what is being done in this area nationwide.

Personalized learning and sound curriculum—two sides of the same coin

The Christensen Institute

Two weeks ago, Education Next published a blog post I wrote about the need to focus demand and funding for open educational resources (OER) on facilitating personalized learning. The nonprofit edtech company Gooru provides a telling example of the importance of cohesive OER curricula.

Why Open Education Resources Matter #GoOpen

The Web20Classroom

It's representatives from the cake batter company. Might not be the best example but that's what happens to educators everyday. The US Department of Education, Office of Educational Technology has placed heavy emphasis on the c reation and use of OER resources in the classroom.

Higher Ed’s Biggest Pressure Cookers in 2019

Edsurge

You also see partnerships between institutions and companies. A number of companies, including, Walmart, Lowes and Disney, have announced partnerships with universities. In 2019, interoperability for open education resources (OER) is going to be the big technological opportunity. Given the continued momentum with general-ed courses using OER, the question will be what that allows. OER is here to stay, and 2019 will be around what its presence enables.

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Five Top Technology Trends In Special Education

Wisewire

(TNS) — Fueled by technological advances, changing state policies, and a continued push from advocates, ed-tech companies and researchers are crafting new tools and strategies to better serve students with disabilities.

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The Sleight of Hand of “Free” vs “Affordable”

iterating toward openness

In a recent webinar about OER, organized by one of the major textbook publishers, there was a lot of conversation about whether OER are “free” or “affordable.” Before I begin though, just to be clear, allow me to reaffirm that OER are free, plain and simple, full stop, period. That is literally part of the definition of OER. OER = free + permissions.

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Of Openness, Ecosystems, and Type I and Type II Error

iterating toward openness

Andrew Rickard has written a thoughtful essay on OER, open pedagogy, and commercial interests. While that last may seem counterintuitive (why would a for-profit company pay it’s employees to give their work away?) There will be companies who will violate community norms.

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From Silos to Sharing: Why Are Open Educational Resources Still So Hard to Find?

Edsurge

For over a decade, plenty of time and dollars have been poured into encouraging the use of open educational resources (OER). In 2007 the Hewlett Foundation’s funding helped create OER Commons. Department of Education spearheaded the #GoOpen movement, a collection of efforts to spur educators, publishers and technologists to make OER more available and easily accessible. From my experience, the answers usually are: OER resources are in silos.

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Why new technologies often don’t help students

The Christensen Institute

Companies do a great job showing off the improved bells and whistles of their shiny new products. Edtech enthusiasts promote the benefits of innovations such as open educational resources (OER), learning management systems (LMS), and adaptive learning software.

The Evolving Economics of Educational Materials and Open Educational Resources: Toward Closer Alignment with the Core Values of Education

iterating toward openness

Educational materials published under an open license are called open educational resources (OER). When digital educational materials become OER, they are converted back into public goods. Other examples of rivalrous goods include my car, my socks, and my chewing gum. Example.

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Stereotyping, Behavior, and Belonging in the Open Education Community

iterating toward openness

Think for a minute about all the people and companies that have created really amazing commercial offerings based on Linux, Apache, MYSQL, PHP, Ruby, Node, React, or WordPress. Let me give you an example.

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More on the Cost Trap and Inclusive Access

iterating toward openness

Back in 2012 – 2013] I was impressed (like many others I’m sure) with how Wiley was able to frame the cost-savings argument around open textbooks to build broader interest for OERs. For example, in 2015 I wrote that “My ultimate goal is this: I want to (1) radically improve the quality of education as judged by learners, and (2) radically improve access to education. I fear it is OER wanting it both ways. We are focused on the advantages of OER-enabled pedagogy.

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Open, Value-Added Services, Interaction, and Learning

iterating toward openness

There was a lot of discussion at OpenEd17 about the relationship between OER and value-added services like platforms. Examples of Value-Added Services in the Context of Open. Concluding Thoughts and the Future of OER.

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How a University Took on the Textbook Industry

Edsurge

And some credit it for helping kick-start a trend—now known as open educational resources, or OER—that has sent shockwaves through the traditional publishing industry. Many members use them as physical examples they can show faculty when they’re introducing them to open textbooks.”

Unlocking stackable global credentials

The Christensen Institute

As the demand for higher education dramatically accelerates, so also the supply of modular educational resources is increasing through Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) like Coursera and EdX, open educational resources (OER) like Khan Academy, and massive adaptive apps like Duolingo.

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George Siemens and David Wiley Join Forces for a MOOC About Open Education

Edsurge

George Siemens, professor and education technology researcher at the University of Texas at Arlington, and David Wiley, co-founder and chief academic officer at OER company Lumen Learning, will lead the free course that aims to introduce graduate students (though anyone with internet access can take the classes) to open education, and how the field has evolved. Siemens: We’ll discuss the OER and licensing dynamics. How could you talk about OER without talking about equity?

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The 2018 ‘Horizon Report’ Is Late. But It Almost Never Emerged.

Edsurge

Open educational resources (OER) have been included as key trends since 2013, for example. With OER, the report notes, “initial advances in the authoring platform or curation method of open resources is now overshadowed by campuswide OER initiatives and sophisticated publishing options that blend adaptive elements into an OER text.” These days, OER quality frameworks have emerged and the technology is more commonplace on campuses.

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Innovation In E-learning In The Last 10 Years

EdTech4Beginners

The new E-learning technologies keep on evolving, and a lot of companies are investing in it to yield efficient employees. Open Education Resources (OER). A good example of this would be the usage of OERs by Sky Customer Service to train their employees. E-learning has seen a broad positive shift in the last couple of years. Furthermore, universities and school are also inclined towards diversifying their facilities through online courses.

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